Automated parking assistance (APA) and automated valet parking
New York, May 20, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – Reportlinker.com announces the publication of the report “Automated Parking Assist (APA) and Automated Valet Parking (AVP) Industry Report, 2021” – https: //www.reportlinker. com / p06073104 /? utm_source = GNW
In 2020, the APA installation rate reached 12.3%, 4.28 percentage points higher than a year ago.
According to ResearchInChina, in 2020, China had 2,308,000 passenger cars equipped with ABS, an annualized increase of 46.4%, bringing the installation rate of ABS to 12.3%, up 4.28 percentage points compared to 2019; In 2020, the APA installation rate saw steady growth overall, but a decline in February due to lower passenger car sales caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
• Of the well-selling APA-compatible models, most are foreign brands such as Mercedes-Benz, BMW and Buick.
• Fully Automated Parking Assistance (F-APA) and Remote Parking are currently the main intelligent parking system solutions.
• In the OEM market, L3 and APA L4 memory capabilities are starting to be available for mid to high-end and luxury models.
For AVP single vehicle intelligence technologies, memory parking is landed first; at the end of the car park, the AVP is first used in the P3 and P4 car parks.
Automated Valet Parking (AVP) allows a user going down to the designated drop-off point to send a parking instruction via the mobile app to their car which will then drive to the parking spot without manual operation or monitoring; When the user gives a pick-up instruction on the APP, the car following the instruction will automatically go to the designated pick-up point; If several cars receive the parking instruction at the same time, they will wait to automatically enter the parking place one after another.
The study shows that AVP that makes vehicles smarter can promote vehicle sales, reduce parking lot operating costs by 30%, reduce invalid traffic time in parking lots by 10%, and save 10-15%. minutes in the collection and return of vehicles.
The AVP market welcomes a large number of players who mainly provide three technological solutions: unique vehicle intelligence, parking intelligence and vehicle-parking cooperation. Among them, the single vehicle information mainly provided by Baidu and ZongMu Technology is most often used by OEMs. In September 2020, at Auto China, New Hongqi’s full-size BEV E-HS9 SUV began pre-sale. This model incorporates the AVP system of ZongMu technology.
Baidu is a typical provider of AVP intelligence solutions for a single vehicle. The company planned the short to long distance AVP implementation route from easy to difficult. The memory car park (Home-AVP) is the first to be landed.
• Reception-AVP: memory parking. From the elevator to the parking space, learn once; users summon or drive cars outside using their cell phones, and their cars can drive themselves;
• Public-AVP: from any pick-up or drop-off point in the car park, users park their car anywhere in the car park, and cars will automatically find a parking space; the cars summoned will go to the place designated by the users
• Urban-AVP: from the pick-up or drop-off point at most 1 km from the parking space to the parking space, users can call or return their car as they wish, and the cars will drive themselves.
Bosch is a typical provider of parking intelligence solutions. In collaboration with Mercedes-Benz and the operator of the Apcoa car park, Bosch has deployed a set of AVP systems for a commercial trial operation at the P6 car park at Stuttgar airport.
The providers of vehicle-parking cooperation solutions are led by Huawei. The solution is the most difficult to market as it is difficult to coordinate the multiple stakeholders involved (eg real estate companies, independent parking solution providers, OEMs and mobility platform operators).
The general technical requirements of automated valet parking systems first define the standards for parking lots.
At the present stage, AVP standards are mainly formulated by associations. To fill the gap of AVP industry standards in China and meet the challenge of AVP compatible with multiple solutions, China-SAE and China Communications Industry Association have introduced the general technical requirements of automated valet parking systems (T / CSAE156-2020) in December 2020..
The standard covers the three technological axes: single vehicle intelligence, parking intelligence and vehicle-parking cooperation. It has four content parts: system definition, security application scenarios, general technical system requirements and general technical testing requirements.
The general technical requirements of automated valet parking systems define the levels of intelligent parking: P0, P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5.
According to the table above, P2 car parks meet the conditions required by AVP intelligence for a single vehicle; P4 car parks are essentially qualified to be AVP car parks at the strong end; P3 car parks meet the conditions of AVP car parks at the low end, with most CVIS solutions being deployed in P3 car parks.
Most insiders say CVIS is the future of AVP. After discussions with experts, we believe that any technological roadmap requires a subject of safety responsibility, that is, who takes care of the safety of the AVP system, of the end of the vehicle or of the end of the parking lot? We believe that the subject of liability at the high end should be the parking lot operators and providers of AVP technology, and at the low end, OEMs and providers of AVP technology.
The application of AVP in P2 car parks requires intelligent L4 vehicles which, however, are not expected to be mass-produced anytime soon (before 2025). Even if P2 car parks are built, there will be few vehicles available. Thus, before 2025, the car parks (P3 / P4) that support CVIS solutions have a large room for growth.
As non-compliant with the general technical requirements for automated valet parking systems, the technical requirements for the maps and positioning of automated parking with valet parking are under discussion and are expected to be drafted in December 2021. The review of others AVP sub-standards such as AVP parking lot communications, AVP testing and memory parking are in progress.
OEMs step up R&D of intelligent parking systems for mass production
OEMs are accelerating R&D of intelligent parking systems for mass production by developing independently or seeking external collaborations. Some OEMs like Weltmeister have obtained AVP for L4 automated driving in designated scenarios by working with Baidu; Geely with 5G-AVP technology enabling 1 km autonomous parking will embark on the exploration of intelligent cloud-based AVP; with a plan to try to equip some of its models with the memory parking function at the end of 2020, GAC installed the AVP function in some high-end and luxury models in 2021H1; Great Wall Motor and Baidu Apollo worked together on mass production of AVP and announced the creation of AVP compatible vehicles in 2021.
There is a common belief that the pace of AVP system testing will accelerate to prepare for use in vehicles between 2021 and 2022, and mass adoption of the AVP system will begin in 2023.
For parking business models, parking lot operators, OEMs, and AVP solution providers make profit by charging AVP subscription fees or pay-as-you-go billing. Parking lot operators are also benefiting from the value-added services derived from intelligent parking systems. One example is Bosch, which combines automatic charging of electric vehicles, autonomous vehicle washing and express delivery to provide complete solutions for parking lot operators.
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